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केंद्र बिन्दु - जल-कानून

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 अंतिम नाम
 ई-मेल पता

आईईएलआरसी.ओआरजी में आपका स्वागत है

अंतरराष्ट्रीय पर्यावरण कानून शोध केंद्र स्वतंत्र शोध संस्था है। यह अतंरराष्ट्रीय और तुलनात्मक पर्यावरण कानून सम्बन्धी मुद्दों के लिए काम करती है। यह भारत और पूर्वी अ‍फ्रीका में विशेष रूप से सक्रिय है।

आईईएलआरसी का उद्देश्य ऐसा कानूनी और शैक्षणिक ढांचा तैयार करने में सहयोग करना है, जो अंतरराष्ट्रीय संदर्भ में निष्पक्षता के साथ विकासशील देशों में निरंतर पर्यावरण प्रबंधन को बढ़ावा दे। (विस्तृत रूप से पढ़े)

आईईएलआरसी.ओआरजी पर ताजातरीन समाचार (अंग्रेजी में)


Book launch by of Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives (edited by P. Cullet, S. Koonan & L. Bhullar), with Ms Yamini Aiyar, President & Chief Executive, Centre for Policy Research (welcome address) and a panel constituted of Justice (retd) Madan B. Lokur, Hon’ble Judge, Supreme Court of India and Prof. Awadhendra Sharan, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, with Dr Usha Ramanathan, Independent Law Researcher moderating. For more details and to visualise the full event, see here.


OpEd in The Shillong Times by P. Cullet, 'Water: Our Common Heritage’. Read the full article here.


Announcing the publication in January 2019 of Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives edited by P. Cullet, S. Koonan & L. Bhullar. [read more]


Publication of Groundwater and Climate Change – Multi-Level Law and Policy Perspectives edited by Philippe Cullet & Raya Marina Stephan. [read more]


Publication of The Gallant Academic - Essays in Honour of HWO Okoth-Ogendo edited by Patricia Kameri-Mbote & Collins Odote. [read more]


Publication of Water Law in India: An Introduction to Legal Instruments (2nd edition) edited by Philippe Cullet and Sujith Koonan. First published in 2011, Water Law in India is the only book to offer a comprehensive survey of the legal instruments concerning water in India. It presents a variety of  national and state-level instruments that make up the complex and diverse field of water law and policy. This book fills a critical gap in the study of water law, providing a rich reference point for the entire gamut of legal mechanisms available in India. [read more]


PhD funding at SOAS University of London for a project on Mining, Land and Water Law: Ensuring Sustainable and Equitable Outcomes. A new funding opportunity for PhD applicants seeking to work at the intersection of mining, and and water law is offered for a project co-supervised at SOAS and Birkbeck. For further information, visit the following page towards the end of 2016.


OpEd in The Statesman by P. Cullet, 'Why Delhi Must Think Beyond Water ATMs’. Read the full article here.


The Government of India, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation has put out for comments the Draft National Water Framework Law and the Draft Model Bill for Conservation Protection and Regulation of Groundwater drafted by the Committee of which Prof. Cullet is a member. The call for comments can be found on this link.


Prof. Philippe Cullet has been invited to be a Member of the Government of India, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation’s ‘Committee to Draft National Water Framework Law’, a Member of the Committee ‘Re-draft the Draft Model Bill for Conservation Protection and Regulation of Ground Water, 2011’ and a Member of the Committee to ‘Draft River Basin Management Bill’. 


Publication of Sanitation Law and Policy in India – An Introduction to Basic Instruments edited by Philippe Cullet and Lovleen Bhullar. This is the first book bringing together the various dimensions of sanitation law in India in a single volume, a crucial contribution in the context of the fast increasing interest for all matters related to sanitation. [read more]


नवीनतम अकादमिक प्रकाशन

कृपया नोट करें कि हमारे लेखों और पुस्तक अध्यायों की सम्पूर्ण सूची के लिए यहां पहुंच सकते है, हमारी पुस्तकों के लिए यहां हमारे कार्यकारी प्रपत्रों के लिए यहां और उपरोक्त सभी के साथ साथ विवरण प्रपत्र, सामयिक लेखों, विशिष्ट तथ्य-संग्रह और विविध प्रपत्रों सहित इस वेबसाइट पर प्रकाशित सभी प्रपत्रों की व्यापक सूची के लिए यहां पहुंच सकते हैं।



Model Groundwater (Sustainable Management) Bill, 2017: A New Paradigm for Groundwater Regulation

The Groundwater (Sustainable Management) Bill, 2017 drafted by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation provides a new template that states can use to adopt legislation capable of addressing the fast-increasing groundwater crisis faced by many states. This Bill follows on an earlier model bill drafted in 1970 and updated several times until 2005 on which the dozen of existing groundwater acts are based. This 1970 template is unsuited to the present needs of a country where groundwater is now the primary source of drinking water and irrigation. In particular, it fails to provide for local-level regulation of what is often known as the most local source of water and fails to provide for conservation measures at aquifer level. The 2017 Bill integrates legal developments having taking place since the 1970s, such as the decentralisation reforms kick-started in the 1990s, the recognition of water as a fundamental right and its recognition as a public trust. In doing so, it provides new bases for regulating groundwater as a public resource and to take measures at aquifer level, something that is crucial to address ongoing over-exploitation and falling water tables.

सम्पूर्ण मूलपाठ को डाउनलोड करें        साइज: 20 [KB]  

The Human Right to Water in India: In search of an alternative commons-based approach in the context of climate change

Water is central to climate change. The impacts of climate change primarily centre upon too much water (e.g. floods, sea level rise), too little (e.g. droughts), or a shift in its composition (e.g. ocean acidification). The centrality of water to climate change and its importance to life mean that there are significant concerns about how climate change will impact the human right to water (HRW) (Singh, 2016; UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2010). However, the underlying relationship between water and climate is also mediated by political, social and economic processes (Taylor, 2015; Boelens et al., 2016). Thus, the hydro-climatic injustices and rights breaches around water are intertwined with questions of gender, class, and caste, as well as the allocation of water for economic production, as much as they are caused by environmental or climatic processes (Linton, 2012; Taylor, 2015)...

सम्पूर्ण मूलपाठ को डाउनलोड करें        साइज: 300 [KB]  

Sanitation Interventions in India: Gender Myopia and Implications For Gender Equality

Women have specific sanitation needs. They are arguably prone to several sanitation-related vulnerabilities such as gender-based violence while accessing sanitation facilities and difficulties in managing hygiene during menstruation. Sanitation-related needs and vulnerabilities of women are partly due to biological reasons and partly due to social and cultural factors. Social and cultural norms coupled with the lack of basic sanitation facilities such as toilets render the performance of daily sanitation functions burdensome and embarrassing for women. In this context, this paper examines...

सम्पूर्ण मूलपाठ को डाउनलोड करें        साइज: 229 [KB]  

Medical Patents and the Right to Health From Monopoly Control to Open Access Innovation and Provision of Medicines

The coming into force of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in the mid-1990s led to a massive strengthening of intellectual property rights in the global South. This was particularly controversial concerning restrictions on access to medicines and set the stage for spirited debates concerning the impacts of medical patents on the realisation of the right to health in the context of the HIV/AIDS crisis. Efforts to reconcile the right to health and medical patents led to a minor amendment of the TRIPS Agreement that has hardly had any impact on the ground while further strengthening of patent protection was obtained, for instance, through bilateral agreements. In the human rights field, attempts to strengthen the protection afforded by the right to health have been partly diluted by efforts to strengthen the claims of inventors under human rights law. At this juncture, two main elements need to be taken forward. The first is to revisit our understanding of the human right to health to ensure, for instance, that there is no compromise in the liberal promise of universality, in particular access to medicines for every person who needs them. The second element is the need to rethink the way in which legal incentives are given to innovate. In a context where patents are the only recognised legal incentive to innovate in the medical field, this discourages the development of medicines for diseases that may affect mostly poor patients, since companies need to recoup their investments. Further, it militates against giving attention to other systems of medicine whose innovations can usually not be protected under the patent system, even where treatments are effective.

सम्पूर्ण मूलपाठ को डाउनलोड करें        साइज: 235 [KB]  

Groundwater Law, Abstraction, and Responding to Climate Change - assessing recent law reforms in British Columbia and England

In 2014, British Columbia enacted the Water Sustainability Act, a comprehensive overhaul of its ground and surface water regimes. Meanwhile, in England more piecemeal changes have been made to existing groundwater laws and policies. Through developing a framework from groundwater governance and climate change adaptation literature this paper analyses the effectiveness of these reforms, which have been carried out through different methods and from different starting points. The paper goes on to considers how new processes and technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing (fracking), bring fresh challenges in aligning progress in groundwater law reforms with the wider policy framework.

सम्पूर्ण मूलपाठ को डाउनलोड करें        साइज: 251 [KB]