IELRC.ORG - Nouvelles
 

Focus - Droit de l’eau et de l’assainissement

 
 

IELRC publie les revues suivantes

Revue LEAD

 Pour plus de renseignements

 
 Prénom
 Nom
 Courriel
 Pays
 
 
 
IELRC dans la presse

BIENVENUE A IELRC.ORG

Le Centre de recherche en droit international de l’environnement est un centre de recherche indépendant se concentrant en particulier sur les problématiques de droit international et comparé de l’environnement, ceci avec une attention particulière pour l’Inde et l’Afrique de l’est.

L’objectif de l’IELRC est de contribuer à la mise en place de cadres légaux et institutionnels permettant de promouvoir une gestion durable de l’environnement dans les pays en développement et selon un contexte international équitable. [plus d’informations]


Quoi de neuf à IELRC.org ?

 
   

Tribune de P. Cullet dans The Shillong Times, 'Water: Our Common Heritage’. Lire l’article complet ici.

 
   

Publication prévue en janvier 2019 de Right to Sanitation in India – Critical Perspectives coordonné par P. Cullet, S. Koonan & L. Bhullar [informations détaillées (en anglais)]

 
   

Tribune de P. Cullet dans The Stateman, 'Why Delhi Must Think Beyond Water ATMs’. Lire l’article complet ici.

 
   

Prof. Philippe Cullet a été invité à rejoindre trois comités du Ministère de l’eau du gouvernement indien mandaté pour préparer trois nouvelles lois sur l’eau, une loi cadre au niveau national, une loi modèle sur les eaux souterraines et une loi sur la gestion des bassins de rivière. Un appel à commentaires peut être trouvé [sur ce lien]

 
   

Bourse pour doctorant à SOAS Université de Londres pour un projet Mines, Terres et Eau en droit: Pour des résultats durables et équitable. Nouvelle opportunité pour un(e) doctorant(e) en droit désirant travailler sur ce sujet en co-supervision à SOAS et Birkbeck. Pour plus d’information, suivre ce lien.

 
   

Publication de Sanitation Law and Policy in India – An Introduction to Basic Instruments sous la direction de Philippe Cullet et Lovleen Bhullar. Il s’agit du premier livre donnant une vision complète des différentes dimensions du droit lié à l’assainissement en Inde, une contribution importante dans le contexte de l’intérêt croissant pour ce sujet [informations détaillées (en anglais)]

 
   

Dernières contributions

Veuillez noter qu’une liste exhaustive de nos articles et contributions est accessible ici,  de nos ouvrages ici, de nos documents de travail ici et qu’une liste complète de tout les documents publiés sur le présent site, incluant ceux mentionnés ci-dessus, de même que les documents d’information, les articles d’actualité, les dossiers spéciaux ainsi que tous les autres documents peuvent être consultés ici.

 

 
 

Model Groundwater (Sustainable Management) Bill, 2017: A New Paradigm for Groundwater Regulation

The Groundwater (Sustainable Management) Bill, 2017 drafted by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation provides a new template that states can use to adopt legislation capable of addressing the fast-increasing groundwater crisis faced by many states. This Bill follows on an earlier model bill drafted in 1970 and updated several times until 2005 on which the dozen of existing groundwater acts are based. This 1970 template is unsuited to the present needs of a country where groundwater is now the primary source of drinking water and irrigation. In particular, it fails to provide for local-level regulation of what is often known as the most local source of water and fails to provide for conservation measures at aquifer level. The 2017 Bill integrates legal developments having taking place since the 1970s, such as the decentralisation reforms kick-started in the 1990s, the recognition of water as a fundamental right and its recognition as a public trust. In doing so, it provides new bases for regulating groundwater as a public resource and to take measures at aquifer level, something that is crucial to address ongoing over-exploitation and falling water tables.

     
Télécharger le texte entier       Taille : 20 [KB]  
 
 

The Human Right to Water in India: In search of an alternative commons-based approach in the context of climate change

Water is central to climate change. The impacts of climate change primarily centre upon too much water (e.g. floods, sea level rise), too little (e.g. droughts), or a shift in its composition (e.g. ocean acidification). The centrality of water to climate change and its importance to life mean that there are significant concerns about how climate change will impact the human right to water (“HRW”) (Singh, 2016; UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2010). However, the underlying relationship between water and climate is also mediated by political, social and economic processes (Taylor, 2015; Boelens et al., 2016). Thus, the hydro-climatic injustices and rights breaches around water are intertwined with questions of gender, class, and caste, as well as the allocation of water for economic production, as much as they are caused by “environmental” or “climatic” processes (Linton, 2012; Taylor, 2015)...

     
Télécharger le texte entier       Taille : 300 [KB]  
 
 

Sanitation Interventions in India: Gender Myopia and Implications For Gender Equality

Women have specific sanitation needs. They are arguably prone to several sanitation-related vulnerabilities such as gender-based violence while accessing sanitation facilities and difficulties in managing hygiene during menstruation. Sanitation-related needs and vulnerabilities of women are partly due to biological reasons and partly due to social and cultural factors. Social and cultural norms coupled with the lack of basic sanitation facilities such as toilets render the performance of daily sanitation functions burdensome and embarrassing for women. In this context, this paper examines...

     
Télécharger le texte entier       Taille : 229 [KB]  
 
 

Medical Patents and the Right to Health – From Monopoly Control to Open Access Innovation and Provision of Medicines

The coming into force of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in the mid-1990s led to a massive strengthening of intellectual property rights in the global South. This was particularly controversial concerning restrictions on access to medicines and set the stage for spirited debates concerning the impacts of medical patents on the realisation of the right to health in the context of the HIV/AIDS crisis. Efforts to reconcile the right to health and medical patents led to a minor amendment of the TRIPS Agreement that has hardly had any impact on the ground while further strengthening of patent protection was obtained, for instance, through bilateral agreements. In the human rights field, attempts to strengthen the protection afforded by the right to health have been partly diluted by efforts to strengthen the claims of inventors under human rights law. At this juncture, two main elements need to be taken forward. The first is to revisit our understanding of the human right to health to ensure, for instance, that there is no compromise in the liberal promise of universality, in particular access to medicines for every person who needs them. The second element is the need to rethink the way in which legal incentives are given to innovate. In a context where patents are the only recognised legal incentive to innovate in the medical field, this discourages the development of medicines for diseases that may affect mostly poor patients, since companies need to recoup their investments. Further, it militates against giving attention to other systems of medicine whose innovations can usually not be protected under the patent system, even where treatments are effective.

     
Télécharger le texte entier       Taille : 235 [KB]  
 
 

Groundwater Law, Abstraction, and Responding to Climate Change - assessing recent law reforms in British Columbia and England

In 2014, British Columbia enacted the Water Sustainability Act, a comprehensive overhaul of its ground and surface water regimes. Meanwhile, in England more piecemeal changes have been made to existing groundwater laws and policies. Through developing a framework from groundwater governance and climate change adaptation literature this paper analyses the effectiveness of these reforms, which have been carried out through different methods and from different starting points. The paper goes on to considers how new processes and technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing (fracking), bring fresh challenges in aligning progress in groundwater law reforms with the wider policy framework.

     
Télécharger le texte entier       Taille : 251 [KB]